Skin Cancer Cases Rise by 41% in Five Years
Published: 2 September 2014
New research has revealed that skin cancer hospital admission have doubled in the last five years. That equates to a rise of 41%, not including skin cancer sufferers who were treated as day patients. The number of skin cancer cases is equal to all other types of cancers combined. The figures indicate that people are not doing enough to prevent skin cancer.
Health authorities have blamed the rise on cheap holidays and tanning as a “fashion statement”. They have seen an inevitable increase in skin cancer incidence rates as holidays to sunny locations become cheaper and tanned skin remains a desirable fashion statement.
In line with the rise in cases, the number of medical procedures climbed at a “significant” rate, costing hospitals millions annually. Over 16,000 skin grafts and flaps were required for the treatment of skin cancer and the majorities are on the head and neck. Surgery was required for 78% of non-melanoma skin cancers and 71.5% of melanomas.
Jonathon Major, a spokesman for the association, said: “Skin cancers are largely preventable and more must be done to communicate to the public the serious risks associated with unmediated sun exposure if we are to see a decline in these figures.”
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Bubbles loaded with Curcumin Help Beat Bowel Cancer
Published: 01 September 2014
Bubbles loaded with a curcumin a popular curry ingredient may help fight bowel cancer. Early studies revealed curcumin, the yellow pigment of turmeric has been shown to slow the growth and spread of some cancers. It has even shown to kill various types of cancer cells in laboratory dishes. The spice can boost the effectiveness of chemotherapy and make it better at killing bowel cancer cells, according to a study at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich.
Scientist efforts to turn curcumin into a treatment was hampered before because curcumin is hard for the body to absorb so large doses must be taken to reach the colon. Now, cancer specialist have developed a new way to get curcumin to the target using exosomes – bubbles or fat – found in in fruit plants. Researchers at the James Graham Brown Cancer Center in the U.S. are testing whether exosomes taken from fruit plants can be used to deliver the curcumin to tumours in the colon.
The bubbles are easily absorbed by cells in the colon, so wrapping the curcumin means the bubbles transport it into the colon tissue where it can attack the cancer. Scientists have developed a way to get the curcumin to stick to the fat bubbles by spinning them together in a centrifuge. Both fruit exosomes and curcumin are unlikely to generate any side-effects because they are consumed daily by millions of people.
‘This clinical trial is at an early stage and must establish that this new technology is a safe way for people to be given curcumin. Clinical trials are still ongoing, and it will be interesting to see if this new way of delivering it directly to the tumour increases its potency,’ said Dr. Emma Smith, senior information officer at Cancer Research UK.
Tomato-rich Diet Reduces Prostate Cancer Risk
Published: 26 August 2014
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men worldwide. A recent study has revealed that eating a tomato-rich diet could reduce prostate cancer risk by almost one fifth. Researchers from the Universities of Bristol, Cambridge and Oxford examined the diets and lifestyles of men, aged between 50 and 69 with and without the disease. They developed a prostate cancer ‘dietary index’, comprising of dietary components that have been linked to prostate cancer.
They found that men who consumed more than 10 portions of tomatoes each week – such as tomato juice and baked beans – saw an 18% reduction in risk. Men with optimal intake of the three components – selenium, calcium and foods rich in lycopene – were found to have a lower risk of developing prostate cancer.
Their findings suggest that tomatoes may be important in prostate cancer prevention. Men who ate more than 10 servings of tomato based products per week, compared to those who ate less, saw their chances of having prostate cancer development reduced by 18%. The risk reduction figure for men who ate five or more portions of fruit or vegetables, compared to those who ate less than two and a half portions, was 24%.
Even though they found tomatoes and tomato products did reduces risk, they still advise men to have a variety of fruits and vegetables in their diet to stay healthy and active and maintain an ideal weight.